WE

Wor(l)ds which Exclude

El proyecto propone desarrollar un investigación comparativa a nivel europeo sobre las condiciones y las políticas de vivienda en relación con la población Roma/Gitano/ Gypsies (RGG). El objetivo es identificar y analizar la existencia de posibles estereotipos sociales en la descripción de los RGG a partir del análisis de los documentos que produce la administración pública, tanto de carácter estatal, autonómico como local, en relación a los RGG y las políticas de vivienda. Junto al análisis del discurso elaborado por las instituciones públicas, es importante tener en cuenta las diferencias existentes entre el discurso y su implementación. Discurso y práctica son analizados con el objetivo de comprender cuáles son las raíces y concepciones de un lenguaje y qué medidas políticas se desprenden de su uso, influyendo y determinando el día a día de las comunidades RGG. Los objetivos del proyecto son:

  • Analizar los documentos producidos por las instituciones públicas (Estatal – Autonómica – Local) que conciernen a los RGG y el lenguaje que se utiliza en las medidas propuestas, en particular en el ámbito de políticas de vivienda.

  • Las principales cuestiones de la investigación son: ¿qué palabras se utilizan? ¿qué posición en la frase tiene la palabra especifica? ¿qué conocimiento existe respecto a la población RGG y cómo se refleja en los discursos y medidas que se adoptan por parte de la administración pública? ¿qué intención política conlleva?

  • Analizar las razones y fuentes del uso de uno u otro lenguaje en los documentos y en las políticas públicas. Este análisis debe evidenciar qué estereotipos se reproducen y los efectos que producen en la cotidianidad de la población RGG.

  • Analizar la distancia entre discurso e implementación del discurso.

  • Transferir, en forma de recomendaciones, los resultados de la investigación a diferentes niveles políticos e institucionales.

  • Producir un documental etnográfico sobre las condiciones de vivienda entre los RGG en los países que participan del proyecto.

Duration 1.1.2013 – 31.12.2014 

The project stems from the empirical experience and studies of the partners as well as from the comparison of the results of research at the European level on the issue of the housing conditions of Roma/Gitanos/Gypsies (RGG), and of the housing and settling policies related to them.

On the basis of the common features arising from the European context – unacceptable housing conditions, discrimination, forced evictions, widespread antiziganism – we have asked ourselves about the existence of a possible stereotyped social description of the RGG, which has become a common element and tradition in European public discourse. This cognitive “core” would then take on local forms linked to the specific context and to the relationship created between certain RGG groups and a given territory, becoming a platform on which projects and policies are designed. The focus of the project is therefore on the institutions and the main action (Workstream 1) is to analyse the documents produced by national and local Public Institutions (laws, regulations, plans, acts, resolutions) concerning RGG, both as regards the language used and the measures proposed, Housing Policies in particular. On the issue of housing the policies of social inclusion play a certain role, and “Romafobia” is essentially the fear of having the Roma close by. It’s important to highlight and analyse the distance between the discourse about rights and the practical implementation of that. Stereotypes can be used for trade or in situations of conflict in which questions of identity are played out. The analysis of language and institutional measures include the study of the reasons and sources of the language utilized, of the measures proposed and of the actions and it could clearly show what the stereotypes in action are, and how they produce effects on reality and on the everyday life of RGG. The second action (Workstream 2) is that of making the results of research a heritage of those who work in Institutions in the administrative and political sector. The result of this action will be a short manual with guidelines to fight and possibly eliminate stereotypes and mis-knowledge that can negatively influence the elaboration of actions and policies aimed at improving the urban and housing conditions of RGG, by respecting their rights and culture. The elaboration of these guidelines by the partners includes involvement and exchange with the Associations formed by RGG. The Guidelines of each single country will have a common part with all the involved countries and a specific part on one’s own national background. They’ll be written in the language of the country as well as in English. In order to make this tool actually adopted by Institutions, the partners will organise a participatory dissemination initiative aimed at institutions by holding round tables, seminars and focus-groups according to the best format assessed with the institutional targets themselves. Moreover, a third cross-cutting initiative is envisaged (workstream 3) that is based on a visual anthropological approach and aims at making an ethnographic documentary on the housing conditions and testimony of the RGG groups present in the partner countries of the project. During the implementation of the project, we have planned meetings for the sharing of methodologies, disciplinary approaches, research progress, local results, commonalities between countries, the construction of guidelines. The exchange between the partners will also be facilitated via a web platform. The phase of research, guidelines creation and their participatory dissemination in the institutional contexts will be run by a scientific coordinator having a well-tested competence. The project management team envisages an organic, balanced anagement style that aims to establish communication between the research teams. Finally, the project provides an effective strategy for the dissemination of knowledge, results and products, described in WS 4.

Partnership

The partnership involving Universities and Study Centres with an extensive experience in research on the Roma people.

  • The Michelucci Foundation was established in 1982, it coordinates numerous projects and research, developing programs and proposals to integrate the local policies on the most relevant urban problems. It coordinates Regional observatory on Roma and Sinti settlements.
  • The Centre for Ethnographic Research and Applied Anthropology (CREAa) at University of Verona proposes itself as one of the first institutional bodies for research at the international level for the systematic study of antiziganism.
  • CRIA is a Portuguese centre for social and cultural anthropology. His general objectives are: culture: practices, politics, displays; migrations, ethnicity, citizenship; power, knowledge, mediations.
  • The International Centre for Guidance Studies at University of Derby has a strong research culture with a particular expertise in applied research.
  • The Department of Romology at University of Pécs was established in 2001. The department program is interdisciplinary, and the courses cover the mainstream of Gypsy/Roma studies in cultural anthropology, the sociology of education, and linguistics.
  • Taller ACSA is a Spanish no-profit organization founded by a group of anthropologist specialized in migration studies, minority studies and cultural studies.
  • The ISPMN (Romanian Institute For Research On National Minorities) conducts inter- and multidisciplinary studies with regard to the preservation, development and expression of ethnic identity, as well as about social, historical, cultural, linguistic, religious or other aspects of national minorities and of other ethnic communities living in Romania.
  • LIRCES is one of the major laboratories of the faculty Literature, Arts and Human Sciences of the University of Nice ,where ethnologists, linguistics and ‘narratologists’ investigate reality with reference to linguistic devices and to the production of texts.