WE – Wor(l)ds Which Exclude

WE – Wor(l)ds which Exclude

Financiado por el Programa de Derecho Fundamentales y Ciudadanía de la Unión Europea [JUST/2011/FRAC/AF/2716]

El proyecto nace de las larga experiencia empírica y de investigación de las entidades participantes, así como de la comparación a nivel europeo de las condiciones de vivienda de las minorías romaníes y de las políticas que, implícita o explicitamente, les afectan.

Partenariado:

  1. La investigación

La foco principal de atención de este proyecto son las instituciones públicas. La acción principal es analizar los documentos producidos por las instituciones públicas nacionales y locales (leyes, regulaciones, planes, actas, resoluciones, etc.) relactivos a las poblaciones romaníes, tanto en lo que concierne el lenguaje utilizado como en las medidas propuestas, y en relación con el ámbito de la vivienda. En torno a esta temática, pues, se construyen hoy muchas de las políticas de inclusión así como retóricas antigitanas. Los estereotipos pueden ser utilizados para enmascarar intereses y estrategias, y recurrir a ellos es inevitable cuanto las identidades están en juego (Herzfeld).

El proyecto WE desarrolla por lo tanto una investigación comparativa en seis países europeos sobre el lenguaje y las medidas institucionales, las razones y las fuentes del lenguaje utilizado, las medidas propuestas y las acciones implementadas, mostrando cuando los estereotipos dan forma a las acciones, produciendo efectos en la vida real de la gente.

El  e-book titulado Wor(l)ds Which Exclude. The Housing Issue of Roma, Gypsies and Travellers in the languages of the Acts and the Administrative Documents in Europe, coordinado por L. Piasere, N. Solimano, & S. Tosi Cambini (Firenze: Fondazione Michelucci), recoje las investigaciones llevadas a cabo en cada uno de los países del partenariado así como los resultados del análisis comparativo. El capítulo ‘Between Assimilation and Heritagization. The Linguistic Construction of Gitano in Spanish Housing Policies.’ (pp. 31-80), por Beluschi Fabeni, G., López López, J. d. D., & Piemontese, S. (2014) presenta los resultado de la investigación relativa al contexto español.

2. Recomendaciones para decisores políticos y personal de la administración pública.

La segunda acción del proyecto consiste en convertir los resultados de la investigación en un patrimonio útil a quien trabaja en las instituciones públicas, tanto en la toma de decisiones políticas como en la gestión administrativa. Estos productos consisten en manuales, adaptados a cada realidad nacional y a los resultados que emergen de ella, que presentan recomendaciones para combatir y posiblemente eliminar los estereotipos y los errores conceptuales que pueden influnciar negativamente la elaboración de acciones y políticas orientadas a mejorar las condiciones residenciales de los romaníes, en el respecto de derechos y culturas. La elaboración de estas recomendaciones por parte de las entidades participantes prevé la participación de y el intercambio con asociaciones romaníes. Los Manuales de recomendaciones tendrán una parte común, prodecente de la comparación internacional, y una específica elaborada a partir del contexto nacional. Cada guía estará redactada en el idioma nacional así como en inglés. En Beluschi-Fabeni, G., López López, J. d. D., & Piemontese, S. (2014). Palabras que excluyen: Guía práctica para la mejora de la imagen de las personas gitanas en los textos administrativos (Seville: Taller ACSA), se presentan las recomendaciones procedentes del estudio llevado a cabo en el contexto español.

Cada entidad del proyecto se ocupará de acciones de diseminación participada dirigida a las instituciones, mediante mesas redondas, seminarios y focus-group.

Entre otras iniciativas, el Taller ACSA ha presentado las recomendaciones y resultados del proyecto WE en el seminario Construyendo puentes entre acción política e investigación social. Logros, desafíos y perspectivas en las políticas acerca de la población gitana en el Estado español. Un encuentro entre investigadores, responsables políticos y tercer sector’ (Parlamento de Cataluña, Barcelona, el 16 y 17 de Octubre 2014) organizado por el Taller ACSA, la Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona y el grupo Emigra y financiado por el Consejo de Europa y la Unión Europea, en el marco de la convocatoria ‘Bridging the Gap between Academia and Policy Makers’ publicada por la European Academic Network on Romani StudiesLa ponencia presentada por Beluschi-Fabeni, G., & López López, J. d. D. (2014). ‘WE: Wor(l)ds which Exclude. Un modelo de proyecto europeo para estrechar la brecha entre políticas públicas, intervención e investigación’ se recoge en las actas del seminario.

Duration 1.1.2013 – 31.12.2014

The project stems from the empirical experience and studies of the partners as well as from the comparison of the results of research at the European level on the issue of the housing conditions of Roma/Gitanos/Gypsies (RGG), and of the housing and settling policies related to them.

On the basis of the common features arising from the European context – unacceptable housing conditions, discrimination, forced evictions, widespread antiziganism – we have asked ourselves about the existence of a possible stereotyped social description of the RGG, which has become a common element and tradition in European public discourse. This cognitive “core” would then take on local forms linked to the specific context and to the relationship created between certain RGG groups and a given territory, becoming a platform on which projects and policies are designed. The focus of the project is therefore on the institutions and the main action (Workstream 1) is to analyse the documents produced by national and local Public Institutions (laws, regulations, plans, acts, resolutions) concerning RGG, both as regards the language used and the measures proposed, Housing Policies in particular. On the issue of housing the policies of social inclusion play a certain role, and “Romafobia” is essentially the fear of having the Roma close by. It’s important to highlight and analyse the distance between the discourse about rights and the practical implementation of that. Stereotypes can be used for trade or in situations of conflict in which questions of identity are played out. The analysis of language and institutional measures include the study of the reasons and sources of the language utilized, of the measures proposed and of the actions and it could clearly show what the stereotypes in action are, and how they produce effects on reality and on the everyday life of RGG. The second action (Workstream 2) is that of making the results of research a heritage of those who work in Institutions in the administrative and political sector. The result of this action will be a short manual with guidelines to fight and possibly eliminate stereotypes and mis-knowledge that can negatively influence the elaboration of actions and policies aimed at improving the urban and housing conditions of RGG, by respecting their rights and culture. The elaboration of these guidelines by the partners includes involvement and exchange with the Associations formed by RGG. The Guidelines of each single country will have a common part with all the involved countries and a specific part on one’s own national background. They’ll be written in the language of the country as well as in English. In order to make this tool actually adopted by Institutions, the partners will organise a participatory dissemination initiative aimed at institutions by holding round tables, seminars and focus-groups according to the best format assessed with the institutional targets themselves. Moreover, a third cross-cutting initiative is envisaged (workstream 3) that is based on a visual anthropological approach and aims at making an ethnographic documentary on the housing conditions and testimony of the RGG groups present in the partner countries of the project. During the implementation of the project, we have planned meetings for the sharing of methodologies, disciplinary approaches, research progress, local results, commonalities between countries, the construction of guidelines. The exchange between the partners will also be facilitated via a web platform. The phase of research, guidelines creation and their participatory dissemination in the institutional contexts will be run by a scientific coordinator having a well-tested competence. The project management team envisages an organic, balanced anagement style that aims to establish communication between the research teams. Finally, the project provides an effective strategy for the dissemination of knowledge, results and products, described in WS 4.

Partnership

The partnership involving Universities and Study Centres with an extensive experience in research on the Roma people.

  • The Michelucci Foundation was established in 1982, it coordinates numerous projects and research, developing programs and proposals to integrate the local policies on the most relevant urban problems. It coordinates Regional observatory on Roma and Sinti settlements.
  • The Centre for Ethnographic Research and Applied Anthropology (CREAa) at University of Verona proposes itself as one of the first institutional bodies for research at the international level for the systematic study of antiziganism.
  • CRIA is a Portuguese centre for social and cultural anthropology. His general objectives are: culture: practices, politics, displays; migrations, ethnicity, citizenship; power, knowledge, mediations.
  • The International Centre for Guidance Studies at University of Derby has a strong research culture with a particular expertise in applied research.
  • The Department of Romology at University of Pécs was established in 2001. The department program is interdisciplinary, and the courses cover the mainstream of Gypsy/Roma studies in cultural anthropology, the sociology of education, and linguistics.
  • Taller ACSA is a Spanish no-profit organization founded by a group of anthropologist specialized in migration studies, minority studies and cultural studies.
  • The ISPMN (Romanian Institute For Research On National Minorities) conducts inter- and multidisciplinary studies with regard to the preservation, development and expression of ethnic identity, as well as about social, historical, cultural, linguistic, religious or other aspects of national minorities and of other ethnic communities living in Romania.
  • LIRCES is one of the major laboratories of the faculty Literature, Arts and Human Sciences of the University of Nice ,where ethnologists, linguistics and ‘narratologists’ investigate reality with reference to linguistic devices and to the production of texts.